London trip

I really enjoyed our London trip, going o the V&A was very inspiring, because I am new to clay as a material it was interesting seeing the history and iconic movements in ceramics. I found Walter Keely’ slip casting mould fascinating as I didn’t know that was his method of making. I also enjoyed learning which ingredient go into clay.

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30% Kaolin (China clay) + 70% China stone = Porcelain
This is a white body which is fired at high temperature. It’s intensely fused particles make is very dense and gives it a smooth, glass-like surface. Resistant to heat, acid and bacteria. it is often used as an industrial material.
Fired at the highest temperature of all ceramic bodies, 1280 ° and above.

40% Additives + 4% Gypsum + 18% Glass cullet + 18% silica + 20% ball clay = Soft-paste porcelain
This was developed in imitation of ‘true’ porcelain. However, fired at lower temperatures, it’s less dense and therefore significantly more fragile.
Fired at less than 1100 °

50% Bone ash + 25% China stone + 25% Kaolin = Bone china
In attempt to manufacture chinese porcelain, Europeans developed bone china. it contains burned animal bone, which increases the body’s translucency and strength, allowing it to be thinly potted, it can be expensive to fire.
Fired at 1240 ° and above

84% Powdered quarts + 8% Clay + Soda-lime glass = Fritware
Ground glass is added to the clay before firing. This lowers the firing temperature required. Fritware is a white body and is relatively string and water-resistant. However it cannot be worked as finely as porcelain, nor does it have the same translucency.
Fired at less than 1100 °

60% Fire clay + 20% Ball clay + 10% Feldspar + 10% Silica = Stoneware
Ideal for making functional everyday objects, such as jugs. During firing, stoneware particles fuse and become impervious to liquids. It is very hard and has a significant higher density than earthenware.
Fired in temperatures up to 1300°

35% Flint + 25% Ball clay + 25% Kaolin + 15% China stone = Earthenware
Earthenware has a low density making it a relatively light, soft, porous and fragile. However, very large earthenware pots can be fired with out damage, as the low firing temperature does not reduce their stability in the kiln.
Fired at around 1100°

There were a lot of teapots to help with my research as well, there were clearly some nonfunctional tea pots which made me think about the definition of a tea pot, and does they need to be functional?

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Another shop which really inspired me was the Conran shop, it’s a leading luxury retailer who sell furniture, lighting, home accessories and gifts from iconic and up-and-coming designers. It would be great aspiration to have my work in their store!

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